Nginx+php(FastCGI)+memcache+discuz安装

Nginx+php(FastCGI)+memcache+discuz安装

安装步骤:
  (系统要求:Linux 2.6+ 内核,本文中的Linux操作系统为Rhel 4.)

一.获取相关开源程序:

PHP 5.2.6所需的支持库

下载地址:http://ishare.iask.sina.com.cn/cgi-bin/fileid.cgi?fileid=2746375
下载地址:http://ishare.iask.sina.com.cn/cgi-bin/fileid.cgi?fileid=2746370

Nginx:http://sysoev.ru/nginx/nginx-0.7.21.tar.gz

Php:http://cn.php.net/distributions/php-5.2.6.tar.gz

Mysql:http://down1.chinaunix.net/distfiles/mysql-5.0.56.tar.gz

2、解压缩:

#mkdir -p /software

#cd software
#unzip nginx-php.zip
#cd /software/nginx-php

#tar zxvf nginx-0.7.21.tar.gz

#tar zxvf php-5.2.6.tar.gz

#tar zxvf mysql-5.0.56.tar.gz

——————————————————————————–

二、安装PHP 5.2.6(FastCGI模式)
1、编译安装PHP 5.2.6所需的支持库:

#tar zxvf libiconv-1.11.tar.gz
#cd libiconv-1.11/
#./configure –prefix=/usr/local
#make
#make install
#cd ../

#tar zxvf freetype-2.3.5.tar.gz
#cd freetype-2.3.5/
#./configure
#make
#make install
#cd ../

#tar zxvf libpng-1.2.20.tar.gz
#cd libpng-1.2.20/
#./configure
#make
#make install
#cd ../

#tar zxvf jpegsrc.v6b.tar.gz
#cd jpeg-6b/
#./configure

#make
#make install
#make install-lib
#cd ../

#tar zxvf libxml2-2.6.30.tar.gz
#cd libxml2-2.6.30/
#./configure
#make
#make install
#cd ../

#tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
#cd libmcrypt-2.5.8/
#./configure
#make
#make install
#/sbin/ldconfig
#cd libltdl/
#./configure –enable-ltdl-install
#make
#make install
#cd ../

#tar zxvf mhash-0.9.9.tar.gz
#cd mhash-0.9.9/
#./configure
#make
#make install
#cd ../
#cp /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.* /usr/lib
#ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2
#cd ../

#tar zxvf mcrypt-2.6.6.tar.gz
#cd mcrypt-2.6.6/
#./configure
#make
#make install
#cd ../

——————————————————————————–

2、编译安装MySQL 5.0.46

#/usr/sbin/groupadd mysql
#/usr/sbin/useradd -g mysql mysql
#tar zxvf mysql-5.0.46.tar.gz
#cd mysql-5.0.46
#./configure –prefix=/usr/local/mysql/ –with-unix-socket-path=/tmp/mysql.sock –without-debug –with-client-ldflags=-all-static –with-mysqld-ldflags=-all-static

–enable-assembler –with-extra-charsets=gbk,gb2312,utf8 –with-pthread –enable-thread-safe-client

#make

#make install

#cp support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf

#cd /usr/local/mysql

(1). 以mysql用户帐号的身份建立数据表:

#bin/mysql_install_db defaults-file=/etc/my.cnf –basedir=/usr/local/mysql –datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data –user=mysql –pid-file=/usr/local/mysql/mysql.pid –skip-locking –port=3306 –socket=/tmp/mysql.sock

#chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql

(2).启动MySQL

#bin/mysqld_safe –user=mysql &

3.编译安装PHP-5.2.6

#export LD_PRELOAD=/usr/local/lib/preloadable_libiconv.so

#cd /share/nginx-php/php-5.2.6

#./configure –prefix=/usr/local/php –with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql/ –with-iconv=/usr/local/libiconv/lib

–with-libxml-dir –enable-xml –with-freetype-dir –with-jpeg-dir –with-png-dir –with-zlib –enable-fastcgi –with-mcrypt

#Make

#Make install

#cp php.ini-dist /usr/local/lib/php.ini

4、编译安装PHP5扩展模块

#tar zxvf memcache-2.2.1.tgz
#cd memcache-2.2.1/
#/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
#./configure –with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
#make
#make install

#cd /share/nginx-php/php-5.2.6/ext/gd/
#/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
#./configure –with-jpeg-dir –with-png-dir –with-zlib-dir –with-ttf –with-freetype-dir –with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
#make
#make install

5、修改php.ini文件
查找/usr/local /php/etc/php.ini中的extension_dir = “./”
修改为extension_dir=”/usr/local/webserver/php/lib/php/extensions/no-debug-non-zts-20060613/”
并在此行后增加以下几行,然后保存:
 extension = “memcache.so”
 extension = “gd.so”

6.创建www用户和组,以及其使用的目录:

#/usr/sbin/groupadd www -g 48
#/usr/sbin/useradd -u 48 -g www www
#mkdir -p / share/htdocs
#chmod +w /share/htdocs
#chown -R www:www vshare/htdocs

7、安装lighttpd中附带的spawn-fcgi,用来启动php-cgi
  注:压缩包中的spawn-fcgi程序为已经编译成二进制的版本。

#cd /nginx/php/

#cp spawn-fcgi /usr/local/php/bin
#chmod +x /usr/local/php/bin/spawn-fcgi

8、启动php-cgi进程,监听127.0.0.1的10080端口,进程数为64(如果服务器内存小于3GB,可以只开启25个进程),用户为www,组为www:

#/usr/local/php/bin/spawn-fcgi -f /usr/local/php/bin/php-cgi -a 127.0.0.1 -p 10080 -C 25 -u www -g www

三、安装Nginx 0.5.33
1、安装Nginx所需的pcre库:

#tar zxvf pcre-7.2.tar.gz
#cd pcre-7.2/
#./configure
#make && make install

2、安装Nginx

#tar zxvf nginx-0.7.21.tar.gz
#cd nginx-0.7.21/
#./configure –user=www –group=www –prefix=/usr/local/webserver/nginx –with-http_stub_status_module
#make && make install

3.创建Nginx日志目录

#mkdir -p /share/logs

#chmod +w /share/logs
#chown -R www:www /share/logs

4.修改Nginx配置文件

修改添加以下内容:

————————————————————

user www www;

worker_processes 1;

error_log logs/error.log;

pid /var/run/nginx.pid;

events {

use epoll;

worker_connections 1024;

}

http {

include mime.types;

default_type application/octet-stream;

log_format main ‘$remote_addr – $remote_user [$time_local] “$request” ‘

‘”$status” $body_bytes_sent “$http_referer” ‘

‘”$http_user_agent” “$http_x_forwarded_for”‘;

server_names_hash_bucket_size 128;

sendfile on;

tcp_nopush on;

tcp_nodelay on;

keepalive_timeout 65;

client_header_timeout 3m;

client_body_timeout 3m;

client_max_body_size 5m;

client_header_buffer_size 1k;

large_client_header_buffers 4 4k;

send_timeout 3m;

gzip on;

gzip_min_length 1k;

gzip_buffers 4 8k;

gzip_http_version 1.1;

server {

listen 80;

server_name www.test5.com;

charset gb2312;

error_page 404 http://bbs.test5.com;

rewrite ^/bbs/(.*) http://bbs.test5.com/$1;

access_log logs/access.log main;

location / {

root /share/htdocs;

index index.php index.html;

}

if (-d $request_filename){

rewrite ^/(.*)([^/])$ http://$host/$1$2/ permanent;

}

error_page 404 /share/htdocs/404.html;

error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;

location = /50x.html {

root /share/htdocs;

}

location = /ucenter/ {

alias /share/htdocs/vhost/;

index index.php index.html;

}

location ~ \.php$ {

root /share/htdocs;

fastcgi_index index.php;

fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;

include fast-cgi.conf;

}

}

server

{

listen 80;

server_name status.test5.com;

location / {

stub_status on;

access_log off;

}

}

include vhost.conf;

}

————————————————————

5.编辑fast-cgi.conf

fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:10080;

fastcgi_param GATEWAY_INTERFACE CGI/1.1;

fastcgi_param SERVER_SOFTWARE nginx;

fastcgi_param QUERY_STRING $query_string;

fastcgi_param REQUEST_METHOD $request_method;

fastcgi_param CONTENT_TYPE $content_type;

fastcgi_param CONTENT_LENGTH $content_length;

fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;

fastcgi_param SCRIPT_NAME $fastcgi_script_name;

fastcgi_param REQUEST_URI $request_uri;

fastcgi_param DOCUMENT_URI $document_uri;

fastcgi_param DOCUMENT_ROOT $document_root;

fastcgi_param SERVER_PROTOCOL $server_protocol;

fastcgi_param REMOTE_ADDR $remote_addr;

fastcgi_param REMOTE_PORT $remote_port;

fastcgi_param SERVER_ADDR $server_addr;

fastcgi_param SERVER_PORT $server_port;

fastcgi_param SERVER_NAME $server_name;

# PHP only, required if PHP was built with –enable-force-cgi-redirect

fastcgi_param REDIRECT_STATUS 200;

—————————————————————————————————————-

6.编辑Vhost.conf

server {

listen 80;

server_name bbs.test5.com;

index index.php index.html index.htm;

root /share/htdocs/vhost/bbs;

access_log /usr/local/nginx/logs/bbs/access.log;

error_log /usr/local/nginx/logs/bbs/error.log;

rewrite ^/archiver/((fid|tid)-[\w\-]+\.html)$ /archiver/index.php?$1;

rewrite ^/forum-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)\.html$ /forumdisplay.php?fid=$1&page=$2;

rewrite ^/thread-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)\.html$ /viewthread.php?tid=$1&extra=page\%3D$3&page=$2;

rewrite ^/space-(username|uid)-(.+)\.html$ /space.php?action=viewpro&$1=$2;

rewrite ^/tag-(.+)\.html$ /tag.php?name=$1;

location ~ \.php$ {

include fast-cgi.conf;

}

location ~* ^.+.(jpg|jpeg|gif|css|png|js|ico)$ {

access_log off;

}

}

server {

listen 80;

server_name blog.test5.com;

index index.php;

root /share/htdocs/vhost/home;

access_log /usr/local/nginx/logs/home/access.log;

error_log /usr/local/nginx/logs/home/error.log;

rewrite ^([0-9]+)/spacelist(.*)$ index.php?$1/action_spacelist$2;

rewrite ^([0-9]+)/viewspace_(.+)$ index.php?$1/action_viewspace_itemid_$2;

rewrite ^([0-9]+)/viewbbs_(.+)$ index.php?$1/action_viewbbs_tid_$2;

rewrite ^([0-9]+)/(.*)$ index.php?$1/$2;

rewrite ^([0-9]+)$ index.php?$1;

rewrite ^action_(.+)$ index.php?action_$1;

rewrite ^category_(.+)$ index.php?action_category_catid_$1;

rewrite ^itemlist_(.+)$ index.php?action_itemlist_catid_$1;

rewrite ^viewnews_(.+)$ index.php?action_viewnews_itemid_$1;

rewrite ^viewthread_(.+)$ index.php?action_viewthread_tid_$1;

rewrite ^index([\.a-zA-Z0-9]*)$ index.php;

rewrite ^html/([0-9]+)/viewnews_itemid_([0-9]+)\.html$ index.php?action_viewnews_itemid_$2;

rewrite ^/([0-9]+)/spacelist(.+)$ /index.php?uid/$1/action/spacelist/type$2;

rewrite ^/([0-9]+)/viewspace(.+)$ /index.php?uid/$1/action/viewspace/itemid$2;

rewrite ^/([0-9]+)/viewbbs(.+)$ /index.php?uid/$1/action/viewbbs/tid$2;

rewrite ^/([0-9]+)/(.*)$ /index.php?uid/$1/$2;

rewrite ^/([0-9]+)$ /index.php?uid/$1;

rewrite ^/action(.+)$ /index.php?action$1;

rewrite ^/category(.+)$ /index.php?action/category/catid$1;

rewrite ^/viewnews(.+)$ /index.php?action/viewnews/itemid$1;

rewrite ^/viewthread(.+)$ /index.php?action/viewthread/tid$1;

rewrite ^/mygroup(.+)$ /index.php?action/mygroup/gid$1;

location ~ \.php$ {

include fast-cgi.conf;

}

location ~* ^.+.(jpg|jpeg|gif|css|png|js|ico)$ {

access_log off;

}

}

server {

listen 80;

server_name admin.test5.com;

index index.php;

root /share/htdocs/vhost/ucenter;

access_log /usr/local/nginx/logs/ucenter/access.log;

error_log /usr/local/nginx/logs/ucenter/error.log;

location ~ \.php$ {

include fast-cgi.conf;

}

}

四、配置开机自动启动Nginx + PHP

vi /etc/rc.local

在末尾增加以下内容:

引用

ulimit -SHn 51200
/usr/local/php/bin/spawn-fcgi -f /usr/local/r/php/bin/php-cgi -a 127.0.0.1 -p 10080 -C 64 -u www –u www
/usr/local//nginx/sbin/nginx -c /usr/local /nginx/conf/nginx.conf

五、优化Linux内核参数

vi /etc/sysctl.conf

在末尾增加以下内容:

引用

net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 30
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 300
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1
net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 5000 65000

六、在不停止Nginx服务的情况下平滑变更Nginx配置
(1)修改/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf配置文件后,请执行以下命令检查配置文件是否正确:

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx –t

 如果屏幕显示以下两行信息,说明配置文件正确:
the configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf syntax is ok
the configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf was tested successfully
(2)输入以下命令查看Nginx主进程号:

ps -ef | grep “nginx: master process” | grep -v “grep” | awk -F ‘ ‘ ‘{print $2}’
  屏幕显示的即为Nginx主进程号,例如:
  6302
  这时,执行以下命令即可使修改过的Nginx配置文件生效:

kill -HUP 6302

3.重启php-cgi和nginx

(1)停止php-cgi和nginx:

killall php-cgi

kill -HUP `cat /var/run/nginx`

(2)启动php-cgi和nginx

/usr/local/php/bin/spawn-fcgi -f /usr/local/php/bin/php-cgi -a 127.0.0.1 -p 10080 -C 64 -u www –u www
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -c /usr/local /nginx/conf/nginx.conf

4.测试:

# vi /share/htdocs/index.php

IE地址栏: http://192.168.30.81/vhost/install/index.php

———————————————————-

七.安装Discuz论坛

1. UCenter、UCenter Home、Discuz! 集成安装包下载:

http://download.comsenz.com/UC_UCH_DZ/UC_UCH_DZ_SC_GBK.zip

将压缩包解压后的upload目录中的文件上传到服务器的/share/htdocs/vhost目录

2.安装配置

1.mysql数据库配置

(1)在mysql中创建一个论坛数据库discuz:

Mysql>create database discuz;

Mysql>use discuz;

Mysql>source /share/htdocs/vhost/bbs/install/discuz.sql; // 将discuz.sql导入,创建论坛

Mysql>grant create,drop,select,insert,update,delete on discuz.* to admin@localhost identified by “admin”; // 给discuz数据库创建一个用户

(2)配置/share/htdocs/vhost/bbs/config.in.php文件里的相关信息,

$dbhost = ‘localhost’; // 数据库服务器

$dbuser = ‘admin’; // 数据库用户名

$dbpw = ‘admin’; // 数据库密码

$dbname = ‘discuz’;

2.在浏览器中访问: http://192.168.30.81/vhost/install/index.php

3. 请根据向导,填入必要的信息,开始安装。
特别注意的是,要根据安装向导的提示,正确设置各个目录的读写属性。

4. 安装完毕后,为了数据安全,请务必将 install 目录删除。

5.安装完毕,拷贝以下信息:

UCenter的访问网址:

http://192.168.30.81/vhost/ucenter

UCenter 创始人密码:admin

DISCUZ!的访问网址:

http://192.168.30.81/vhost/bbs

管理员访问网址:

http://192.168.30.81/vhost/bbs/admincp.php

管理员帐号:admin 管理员密码:admin

UCenter Home的访问网址:

http://192.168.30.81/vhost/home

管理员访问网址:

http://192.168.30.81/vhost/home/admincp.php

管理员帐号:admin 管理员密码:admin

6. 在vhost.conf中设置相应的域名及访问路径即可对bbs、Ucenter、Ucenter Home

进行访问。

http://bbs.test5.,com

http://blog.test5.com

http://admin.test5.com

参考文章:http://wiki.codemongers.com/NginxChs

http://spaces.91book.cn/1/viewspace-8147



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